Between 1930 and 1945, the ideology of Pan-Africanism went through something of a transformation, largely as a consequence of the work of Africans and those of African descent residing in Britain, or linked to those in Britain by the important networks that were developed throughout the Pan-African world. These drew together activists like George Padmore and Isaac Wallace-Johnson, who had both participated in the Hamburg conference. The networks linked together anti-colonial and anti-imperialist organisation in Africa and those in Europe and America, in which Africans from the Diaspora often played a leading role, such as the US-based Council on African Affairs, led by Paul Robeson and Alphaeus Hunton. An increasingly Marxist-influenced Pan-Africanism developed – informed and influenced by such individuals as Padmore, and by what were generally agreed to be major advances in economic, political and social developments in the Soviet Union. A more militant approach to anti-colonialism in Africa was also brought about as a consequence of the wide-scale effects of the Depression, the fascist invasion of Italy, the agricultural boycotts in West Africa, the labour rebellions in the Caribbean. Gradually Pan-Africanism developed into a movement and ideology concerned with the masses of the people and with a particular emphasis on the future liberation of African from colonial rule. It was this form of Pan-Africanism that came to the fore in 1945.
culled from: Pan Africanism and The Politics of Liberation
transatlantic slave trade
our children our future
point of no return